Interior Design Basics for Decorating a Home

Interior Design Basics for Decorating a Home


Knowing the basics of interior design principles, you can transform any space into a beautiful abode. Imagine walking into a room where everything seems well-designed and cohesive. It feels just right. You can sense how everything comes together, the balance, harmony, scaling, and contrast, making the room a welcoming dwelling. You can achieve this effect in your home by practicing and experimenting with the basic Interior design principles. You will be on your way to creating your Dream Home a reality.



In design, symmetry brings a feeling of equilibrium. Proper distribution of objects around the room creates a visual balance that pleases the eye. Consider the visual weight of the furniture or decor accessories based on their shape, color, texture, or pattern. Harmonizing these will bring a feeling of serenity and calm. 

There are generally three ways to bring balance to any room.


The most pleasing and the easiest to replicate, symmetrical balance is commonly chosen for square rooms due to easy division. You can buy a complete collection of beds, sofa sets, and decor with similar patterned textiles and colors to match various sides of the room. However, the matching factor in design has become monotonous over the years and can be boring for modern homes.


A modern interior usually follows an asymmetrical balanced approach. Here you focus on balancing the visual weight of the objects on either side of the room. Imagine placing a sofa on one side and a pair of chairs on the other end of the room. The number of objects can vary depending upon their visual weights to attain asymmetrical balance. The freedom of not decorating in sets makes this style more appealing but also a bit difficult to execute. 


Radial balance refers to curved structures, furniture, and decor in all interiors and objects. Radial balance aims to create circular symmetry with a common focal point in the room as our Foyer table. Recurrences of curves, colors, and patterns are common in this design. Imagine our Olympia dining table, with a pair of crystal ball chandeliers above it and chairs all around.



One of the most common principles in interior designing, contrast refers to using two colors, forms, or textures that vary distinctly but complement each other to create a stunning view. The most common example of this is monochrome interiors. The way two opposite colors come together to construct a jarringly beautiful effect. You can bring contrast through various methods, but the easiest to follow are;

  • Contrast with colors
  • Contrasting with forms
  • Contrast with textures
  • Contrast with materials

Play around with a mix of materials with light and dark hues that appeal to the eye. Have a look at this jewel-green sofa set against a neutral color backdrop with a pop of color added through throws and rugs. Furnish various shapes through furniture and decor accessories to create contrast. You can play around with geometrical and rounded objects, like placing a circular mirror atop a rectangular console. Bring texture through textiles while keeping the area generous and comfortable. 


Imagine a large, high-density, padded sectional sofa placed in a small room. You can tell how imbalanced the room will appear. Scaling is how you bring a balance in proportions so that the objects are in harmony with one another. It refers to the size of products with appropriate proportions. For instance, a low-height chair next to a similar-height coffee table or multiple-size frames and objects on a bare wall.


Rhythm in design is about creating repetition in patterns and contrast, progression through shapes, sizes, and colors, and transition using a gradual flow of lines that the eye can follow. For instance, use the same color or form at different intervals in the home to create visual interest. Furnish products that move from small to larger objects set around the room. Use darker tones from the entrance moving to lighter shades as you head deeper into the room for a cozy welcome.


Harmony is what keeps all the design principles together. It gives the home a warm and inviting feel, so the space makes sense to the eye. To bring harmony, incorporate a single color strategy around the house and let it flow through each room in different forms and textures. This idea will keep the home cohesive and the design process a success.

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